# Year Five

By the end of Year 5, children should be able to:

- Interpret negative numbers in context
- Read Roman numerals to 1000, including years
- Recognise and use square and cube numbers, and know the notation
- Use rounding to check answers and determine accuracy
- Identify multiples and factors, including finding factor pairs and common factors
- Use vocabulary: prime numbers, prime factors and composite numbers
- Know prime numbers up to 19
- Multiply and divide numbers by 10, 100 or 1000, including decimals
- Use long multiplication for multiplying numbers of up to 4 digits by one or two digits
- Divide numbers using standard written short division
- Convert between mixed numbers and improper fractions
- Compare and order fractions whose denominators are multiples of the same number
- Identify, name and write equivalent fractions including tenths and hundredths
- Add and subtract fractions with denominators that are multiples of the same number
- Multiply proper fractions and mixed numbers by whole numbers with support
- Read and write decimal numbers as fractions
- Round decimals with 2 decimals places to whole number or to one decimal place
- Read, write, order and compare numbers with up to 3 decimal places
- Recognise % symbol and explain as a fraction with denominator 100 (parts out of 100)
- Understand and use common approximate conversions between metric and imperial
- Measure and calculate the perimeter of composite rectilinear shapes
- Calculate the area of rectangles, and estimate the area of irregular shapes
- Use the properties of rectangles to find missing lengths and angles
- Distinguish between regular and irregular polygons
- Identify 3-d shapes from 2-d representations
- Know angles are measured in degrees and compare acute, obtuse and reflex angles
- Draw and measure angles to the nearest degree
- Identify angles at a point, in a turn and on a straight line
- Describe and represent the result of a reflection or translation
- Complete, read and interpret information in tables, including timetables